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جایی برای زندگی - واژه‌های دارای ریشه فرانسوی که در زبان فارسی معمول شده‌اند
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واژه‌های دارای ریشه فرانسوی که در زبان فارسی معمول شده‌اند

واژه‌های دارای ریشه فرانسوی که در زبان فارسی معمول شده‌اند و بصورت وامواژه هایی درآمده‌اند، به فراوان یافت می‌شوند. دلیل آن شاید به دوران قاجار برگردد که عمده‌ی روابط ایران و غرب، با فرانسویان بوده‌است. برخی از این کلمات و معادل فرانسوی آن در زیر فهرست شده‌اند:

الف تا ط :

 

الف

ادکلن(eau de cologne)

اشل (échelle) به معنی نردبان

اکران (écran)

اکیپ (équipe)

املت (omelette)

اُوٍرت (ouvert) به معنی باز (open).

اورژانس (urgence)

اوریون (oreillons) بیماری اوریون یا گوشک که از oreille که به معنی گوش است آمده است.

ایده (idée)

آباژور (abat-jour)

آبسه (abcès) به معنی چرک و ورم چرکی

آژان (agent)

آژانس (agence)

آسانسور (ascenseur)

آلرژی (allergie)

آمپول (ampoule)

آناناس (ananas)

آنکادر کردن (encadrer)

آوانتاژ (avantage) به معنی فایده و منفعت است.

آوانس (avance)

 

 

ب

باکتری (bactérie)

بالکن (balcon)

بانداژ (bandage)

بلیط (billet) که در زبان فرانسه "بیه" تلفظ می‌شود

برس (brosse)

بروشور (brochure)

بلوز (blouse)

بن ساله (bon salé) به معنی خوش نمک

بوروکراسی (bureaucratie) که از ریشه bureau به معنی میز و دفتر کار ایجاد شده است.

بوفه (buffet)

بولتن (bulletin)

بیسکویت (biscuit) به معنی دوبار پخته شده bis به معنی دوباره و cuit به معنی پخته شده است!

بیگودی (bigoudis)

 

 

پ

پاپیون (papillon) به معنی پروانه

پاتیناژ (patinage)

پاساژ (passage)

پاندول (pendule)

پانسمان (pansement)

پاویون (pavillon)

پروژه (projet)

پروسه (process)

پلاک (plaque)

پلاکارد (placard) به معنی پوستر و نیز به معنی کابینت است plat به معنی بشقاب یا ظرف مسطح است.

پماد (pommade)

پنس (pinces)

پورتفوی (portefeuille) به معنی کیف اسناد وکیف پول است.

پونز (punaise)

پوئن (point) به معنای امتیاز

پیژامه (pyjama)

پیست (piste)

 

 

ت

تابلو (tableau)

تن (ماهی) (thon)

توالت (toilette)

تومور (tumeur)

تیره یا خط تیره (tiret)

تیراژ (tirage)

 

 

د

دز (dose)

دوش (douche) فعل se doucher به معنای دوش گرفتن است

دیسک (disque)

دیسکت (disquette)

 

 

 

ر

رادیاتور (radiateur)

رژیم (régime)

رفراندوم (référendum)

رفوزه (refusé)

روبان (ruban)

روب‌دشامبر (robe de chambre) به معنی لباس خانه.

 

 

ژ

ژامبون (jambon) از واژه jambe به معنی ساق پا گرفته شده است.

ژانر (genre)

ژست (geste)

ژله (gelée)

ژوپ (jupe) به معنی دامن و minijupe به معنی دامن کوتاه است.

ژورنال (journal) به معنی روزنامه. jour به معنی روز است.

ژیله (gilet)

 

 

س

ساتن (satin)

سالن (salon)

سس (sauce)

سنکوپ (Syncope)

سوتین (soutien gorge)

سوژه (sujet)

 

 

ش

شاپو (chapeau)

شارلاتان (charlatan)

شاسی (châssis)

شال (châle)

شانس (chance)

شانتاژ (chantage) ریشه آن فعل chanter به معنی آواز خواندن است

شوالیه (chevalier) به معنی اسب سوار و Cheval به معنی اسب است

شوسه (chaussée) به معنی جاده و سواره رو است و chaussure به معنی کفش است.

شوفاژ (chauffage)

شوفر (Chauffeur)

شومینه (cheminée)

 

 

ص

صابون (savon)

صندل (sandale)

 

 

ط

طلق (talc)




نوشته شده توسط :علی امیرحسینی
دوشنبه 18 بهمن 1389-06:04 ب.ظ
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